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Web Dictionary Credits

The contents of the Eastern James Bay Cree Dictionary on the web are Copyright 2004-2014 to the Cree School Board, Quebec, Canada. The thematic dictionary and the multimedia content are copyright to, unless otherwise specified (see image credits).

How to cite us

To cite the online dictionary, choose your style:

Junker, M.-O., MacKenzie, M., Bobbish-Salt, L., Duff, A., Salt, R., Blacksmith, A., Diamond, P., & Weistche, P. (Eds.). (2012). The Eastern James Bay Cree Dictionary on the Web: English-Cree and Cree-English, French-Cree and Cree-French (Northern and Southern dialects). Retrieved from

Junker, Marie-Odile, Marguerite MacKenzie, Luci Bobbish-Salt, Alice Duff, Ruth Salt, Anna Blacksmith, Patricia Diamond, and Pearl Weistche, eds.  The Eastern James Bay Cree Dictionary on the Web: English-Cree and Cree-English, French-Cree and Cree-French (Northern and Southern dialects). 2012. Web. [Date].

[Date] = the date you accessed the definition, styled as follows: 13 Dec. 2013


To cite a an entry in the online dictionary, choose your style:

[Word]. (n.d.) In Eastern James Bay Cree Dictionary on the Web. Retrieved from [URL]

[Word] = the word you looked up
[URL] = the full web address of the entry, starting with “http://”

[Word].” Eastern James Bay Cree Dictionary on the Web. Web. [Date].

[Word] = the word you looked up
[Date] = the date you accessed the definition, styled as follows: 13 Dec. 2013

Editorial Team

Editorial Committee
Cree Northern Cree Southern
Luci Bobbish-Salt (2004-2012) Anna Blacksmith (2009-2012)
Alice Duff (2008-2012) Patricia Diamond (2009-2012)
Elsie Duff (2004-2007) Bill Jancewicz (2004)
Bill Jancewicz (2004) Marie-Odile Junker (2004-present)
Marie-Odile Junker (2004-present) Marguerite MacKenzie (2004-2012)
Marguerite MacKenzie (2004-2012) Daisy Moar (2004-2007)
Ella Neeposh (2004)
Ruth Salt (2004-2012)
Pearl Weistche (2009-2012)
English Editor-in-Chief
Marie-Odile Junker (2008-present) Marguerite MacKenzie (2004-2008)
French Editor-in-Chief
Marie-Odile Junker (2004-present)
French Translators (2006-2007)
France Lafond (Southern Dictionary) Marie-Odile Junker (Northern Dictionary)



Database and Interface Design
Marie-Odile Junker & Delasie Torkornoo (2007-present) Radu Luchian (2004-2006)
Database Programming
Delasie Torkornoo (2007-present) Terry Stewart (2006-2007)
Fred Mailhot (2006) Radu Luchian (2004-2005)
Original Shoebox/Toolbox Database Set Up
Bill Jancewicz (1999-2004)
[Database development funded by the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada grants #820-2000-2013, #856-2004-1028, #856-2009-008, and #435-2014-1199 to Prof. M-O. Junker, Carleton University].


Multimedia Content

For the full credits of all multimedia content throughout the East Cree projects, please see the Multimedia Credits page.

Database and Interface Design
Marie-Odile Junker & Delasie Torkornoo (2007-present) Radu Luchian (2004-2006)
Photography and Illustrations
Annie Bearskin
Monique Caron Cree School Board
Daniel Clément Ian Diamond
Marie-Odile Junker Mimie Neacappo Bukem Reitmayer
Ruth Salt Jimmy Sam
Delasie Torkornoo Linda Visitor
Voices Of:
Darlene Bearskin Anna Blacksmith
Louise Blacksmith Luci Bobbish-Salt
Alice Duff Christine Duff
Ruth Salt Mary Shashaweskum
Erica Stephen Pearl Weistche
Sound Editing & Database Entry
Alison Bobbish (2004) Luci Bobbish-Salt
Margaret Cox (2002, 2004) Candice Diamond (2002)
Alice Duff Clara John Gulli
Hank House (2004) Suzanne House (2004)
Rhonda Iserhoff (2004) Marie-Odile Junker
Martha Michell Mimie Neacappo
Ruth Salt Mary Shashaweskwum
Thomas Wasipabano (2002) Pearl Weistche
Sound Recording
Dylan Hunter (CKCU)



Elders and Resource People
Cree Northern Cree Southern
Chisasibi Margaret Bearskin Eastmain Florrie Mark-Stewart
Samuel Bearskin Mistissini Boyce Blacksmith
Harry Duff Evadney Blacksmith
Bobby Neacappo Louise Blacksmith
Edith Sam Lauri Petawabano
Harry Scipio Smalley Petawabano
Maria Scipio Waskaganish Louise Diamond
Georgie Snowboy Josephine Diamond
Wemindji Mary B. Georgekish Patricia Diamond
Whapmagoostui James Kawapit the late Rupert Erless
Andrew Natachequon Elizabeth Jolly
Maggie Natachequon Edwin Jolly
Jimmy Moart
Alec Weistche
Sanders Weistche
Johnny Whiskeychan
Waswanapi Emily Cooper


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on the earth

ᐋᑎ ᐃᔨᑎᔥᑖᒡ ᓂᐲ
bodies of water

ᓵᑭᐦᐄᑭᓐ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ

ᓰᐲ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ

ᐹᐅᔥᑎᑯᐃ ᐊᔨᒧᐎᓐᐦ

ᓂᐲ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ
water words

ᐋᑎ ᐃᔨᑎᔅᑭᒥᑳᒡ
the land

ᒥᔅᒑᒄ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ
muskegComponent: -schaak-/-schek-

ᒥᓂᔥᑎᒄ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ

land, groundComponents: -skimik-, -aauhk-/-skamik, -aauhk-

ᐋᑎ ᐄᑖᐅᐦᑳᒡ
hills and mountainsComponents: -(i)tin-, -aauhch-, -aauhk- / -(a)tin-, -aauhch-, -aauhk-

ᑰᓐ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ
description of snow

ᒥᔅᑯᒦ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ
descriptions of ice

towns and communities

ᓈᐅᐧᐃᔨᒡ ᐄᑖᐦᒑ

spaceComponent: -(h)ch


treeComponents: -aahtik-, ihtik-

shrubsComponent: -aahtikw


berry namesComponents: -minh, -minich, -minaanh / -min(h), -minach, -minaanh


the hunt

ᒋᔖᔮᒄ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ

ᐊᑎᐦᒄ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ

ᒨᔅ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ

ᐊᒥᔅᒄ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ

ᐙᐳᔥ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ
hare (rabbit)

ᑳᒄ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ

ᐱᔮᐤ ᑭᔮᐦ ᒥᔥᑎᑯᐦᔮᐤ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ
grouse and ptarmigan

ᓂᔅᒃ, ᔒᔒᑉ ᑭᔮᐦ ᒸᒄ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ
goose, duck and loon

ᐋᐦᒋᒄ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ

ᐧᐋᐱᒫᒄ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ
whaleComponents: -maakw-, -maaku- / -mekw-, -meku-

ᐋᐧᐋᓰᓯᒡ ᐋᐦ ᐊᔪᐧᐃᓂᐅᐧᐃᒡ ᐊᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ
other fur-bearing animals

ᐋᐦ ᓂᑑᐦᐅᓈᓂᐧᐃᒡ

ᐋᐦ ᑖᐱᐧᑳᓂᐧᐃᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋᐦ ᐧᐃᓂᐦᐄᒑᓂᐧᐃᒡ
snaring and trapping

ᐋᐦ ᓅᑎᒫᓵᓂᐧᐃᒡ


ᐋᐦ ᐃᔑ ᑖᐧᐹᔮᔨᐦᑎᑭᓂᐧᐃᒡ

the human body

ᐋᑎ ᐃᔨᑎᒥᐦᒋᐦᐅᑦ ᐊᐧᐋᓐ

ᐋᐦ ᐧᐃᔮᔥᑎᒥᐦᒋᐦᐅᓈᓂᐧᐃᒡ
feeling sick: suffering, illnesses and injuries

ᐋᑎ ᐃᔨᑎᒥᐦᒋᐦᐅᑦ ᐧᐃᔮᐦᒡ
bodily sensations: hot and cold


ᐋᐦ ᐹᐦᑯᑖᐦᑎᐦᒃ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋᐦ ᔒᐅᑖᑦ ᐊᐧᐋᓐ
thirsty and hungry

ᐅᒥᑐᓈᔨᐦᒋᑭᓂᐦᒡ ᐋᔨᐦᑖᔨᐦᑎᐦᒃ
mental predicates

ᐋᑳ ᓅᐦᑯᐦᒡ ᒑᐧᑳᓐ ᐋᐦ ᐧᐄᐦᑎᑭᓂᐧᐃᒡ ᐋᔑᓂᐦᑳᑖᒡ
abstract nouns (-win nouns)Component: -win

ᐋᐦ ᐧᐋᐱᐦᑎᑭᓂᐧᐃᒡ, ᐋᐦ ᒥᔮᐦᑎᑭᓂᐧᐃᒡ, ᐋᐦ ᑖᐦᒋᓂᑭᓂᐧᐃᒡ, ᐋᐦ ᐹᐦᑎᑭᓂᐧᐃᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋᐦ ᒥᔅᐱᑎᑭᓂᐧᐃᒡ
the five senses

ᐋᐦ ᐄᑖᔨᐦᑖᑯᓯᑦ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋᐦ ᐄᑖᔨᒫᑭᓂᐧᐃᑦ
seem, be thought (as perceived by mind)Components: -aayihtaakun, -aayihtaakusiu / -eyihtaakun, -eyihtaakusuu

ᐹᐦᑖᑯᓐ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐹᐦᑖᑯᓯᐤ
sound, be heardComponents: -htaakun, -htaaskusiu / -htaakun, -htaakusuu

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